Metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance have reached epidemic proportions where someone dies every 10 seconds in the United States from a related complication to diabetes. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have outpaced infectious disease as the primary cause for morbidity and mortality across the globe.
Who it affects?
One in three people will develop diabetes in their life time as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Type 2 diabetes use to be a disease of the middle-aged and elderly. No longer is this the case. Approximately one in three of those newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is under age 18. A Yale study in 2013 noted nearly one in four children between ages four and 18 is pre-diabetic.
Metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and insulin resistance are characterized by high blood sugars. Low blood sugar can also be problematic. Not as common as elevated glucose, low blood sugars can cause symptoms of anxiety, confusion, heart palpitations, shakiness, visual disturbances. Serious complications of low blood sugar are seizures, loss of consciousness, and death. Elevated and low blood sugars result from dysregulation of blood sugar control. There are several causes for this: Poor diet / nutritional intake
- Lack of exercise and physical activity
- Poor gut health
- Inadequate sleep / circadian disturbance
- Chronic stress
- Environmental toxins
- HPA (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal) axis imbalances
Elevated and low blood sugars share the same root causes. They are completely preventable. In some situations, completely reversible with diet and lifestyle changes alone.
Those with diabetes have a 50% increase risk of death and higher risk for heart attack, blindness, kidney failure, stroke, and losing their toes or feet. Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and pre-diabetes are clear indicators of blood sugar dysregulation and indicated diabetes development is underway. The modern sedentary lifestyle, Standard American Diet high in refined carbohydrates, sleep disturbances, poor gut health, chronic stress, and HPA axis dysfunction can cause blood sugar.